South Sudan: Africa's last frontier

Why South Sudan?

South Sudan became an independent country in July 2011. Before it had been part of greater Sudan and previously a region named Equatoria ruled by the British. It was during the British colonization that this part of West Africa was declared a ‘Closed District’. From 1916 until 1946 no roads, no Western education, hospitals or mission station where allowed in that territory. This 30 years of isolation explain, in part, why we find tribal structures and traditions that have been lost if most of Africa. The long Civil War (1956-2002) also helped to isolate many regions of what is today the Republic of South Sudan.

Last Places team visited South Sudan in November 2012 and we fell in love with the new African nation. South Sudan is unique for its tribes, its wild unspoilt nature, and its untamed spirit.
Dinka, Nuer and Mundari giant cattle camps are already a traveller’s myth. Every year more and m Read More


Also known as Jieng or Muony-Jang. The people call themselves Jieng (Upper Nile) or muonyjang (Bahr el Ghazal). Arabs call them Jiengge.

Population & Ecosystem
The Dinka is the largest single national grouping in South Sudan. Numbering about 2.5 to 3 million and constituting of more than 25 aggregates of different Dinka sections (Wut). The Dinka are found in Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile and Southern Kordofan regions. Each Dinka section has a separate political entity with established rights to a well-defined territory. The main sections and sub-sections and their geographic locations include.

The Dinka habitat ranges from ironstone plateau of Bahr el Ghazal and the flood plains (toch) between the White Nile River and its numerous tributaries and distributaries to the rich savannah grasslands of Upper Nile.

Economy & Society
The economy is largely trad Read More
Vernacular architecture of South Sudan
South Sudan hosts some of Africa’s best examples of vernacular architecture. Tribal vernacular architecture, as opposed to the rest of the African Continent, is still thriving in South Sudan. This is due to the fact that most tribes still live far away from the globalizing currents and economic changes that have affected most Africa societies. Vernacular architecture is commonly recognized as the fundamental expression of the world’s cultural diversity. The desire for modernization and the well-known globalization phenomenon are some of the most frequent evoked issues responsible for endangering the survival of vernacular heritage in Africa. In Last Places we aim to highlight the outstanding universal value of vernacular architectural heritage in South Sudan and to raise awareness to the increasing need, not only the protection of these structures’ integrity but also for the preservation of such ancient an Read More
Last Places team is conscious of the great potential of nature tourism in South Sudan. From the very moment we decided to open an office in Juba we knew that besides tribal diversity the rich network of National Parks would be one of the demands for travellers. Since 2012 we have explored in depth several parks, probably the easiest ones to visit: Nimule, near the Uganda border where it is possible to navigate with motor canoes the White Nile and spot some elephants, Boma National Park, the largest one in the country, bordering Ethiopia where Africa’s second largest ungulate migration takes place and Imatong Forest Reserve on the way to crown Mount Kinyeti (3.187 meters), South Sudan’s highest peak. Here we saw some blue monkeys and many birds… The rest of the parks are there to be explored and see what is left after 50 years of Civil War. Most of them have almost no infrastructure and in a way is what makes them more attractive for a certain type of adventurous natu Read More
South Sudan Visa
A valid passport and a visa are required for travel to South Sudan. Applications for visas can be made in advance in the travelers’ home country or in the nearest South Sudan Embassy: London, Paris, Brussels, Berlin, Rome, Oslo, Geneva, Moscow, Washington, New York, Tel Aviv, Ankara, Beijing, New Delhi, and Pretoria. There is also the possibility of obtaining the Visa upon arrival.  Last Places assists all travelers that need any type of help applying for the visa upon arrival or at the embassy. We recommend that passports be valid for six months from date of arrival.

Vaccines and Travel Health in South Sudan Read More

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