Pyramids and tribal minorities

Sudan is one of the most impressive and recommended destinations in Africa not only because of its vast extension and diverse geography, but also because of the cultural wealth that can be found. Little has been heard about the Old Kingdom of Kush, the so-called “black pharaohs”, a civilization that had a boom time but still seems to remain hidden.
Last Places has been operating in Sudan since 2012 and we have experienced the political social changes and different internal conflicts in the country, in addition to learning about the internal problems of the provinces and territorial issues of the Islamic Republic of Sudan. It is precisely there, in the south, where most of the tribal societies that still struggle to preserve their customs in the country are found. The mythical Nuba of South Kordofan and other lesser-known ethnic groups in the Blue Nile province stand out. We are talking about the Felata nomads, with their distinctive tattoos and hairstyles, and the Komo Ganza who are still naked and inhabit the border territory of Sudan, South Sudan and Ethiopia and still have scarifications on their faces and bodies. In terms of nature, we have the Dinder National Park, where you can still see the last herds of lions in the region of the horn of Africa. This route takes us to Kassala, a typical Islamic city, with an Ottoman mosque in ruins. Around the city we will find villages of various ethnic groups. The Beja Warriors, the Kunama matriarchs (who migrated from Eritrea) and further up the mountain still inhabit a few Gumuz, who retain their animistic dances, music, rituals and ornaments.

Archeology and vernacular architecture

Pyramids of Meroe: Clearly visible from the Khartoum-Atbara road, the pyramids of the Royal Cemetery of Meroe stand alone on a sandy ridge like a row of broken teeth. They are the most popular tourist attraction in Sudan and a 'must' for any traveler who loves art, history, and beauty.

Old Dongola: It was an important city in medieval Christian Nubia that became a meeting point for caravans going west from Darfur to Kordofan.

Kassala: It is an interesting city built by the Ottomans on the banks of the Gash River and surrounded by gigantic granite rocks (Taka Mountains). The Khatmiyah Mosque is the most famous landmark in this commercial and agricultural city close to the Eritrean border.

Isla de Suakín: It flourished during the Ottoman occupation of the Red Sea coast thanks to its location on the lagoon, which was ideal for setting commercial ships. Since the port's abandonment 100 years ago, Suakin has been declining rapidly. Most of the buildings are in disrepair

National Museum and Ethnographic Museum: The National Museum holds many treasures from Sudan's ancient and medieval past. They are well presented and labeled, and offer a good narrative of Sudan's history. The Ethnographic Museum is located on Al-Gama'a Street in what used to be the club of the British Army. It is a bit run-down, but it is worth a visit for its interesting collection of ethnographic objects and for its curious demodé appearance.

Ethnic groups

Nuba tribe: Mythical town that has been part of the collective imagination since the photographer Leni Riefenstahl photographed them in 1974. You have to reach the untamed South Kordofan and the granite Nuba Mountains to find this group of animist black peoples who continue to celebrate the 'siber' festivals related to the harvest and where wrestling and dancing are practiced.

Natural spaces

Mount Jebel Barkal: The sacred mountain of Jebel Barkal is located 2 km southwest of the center of Karima. Ancient Egyptians and Kushites alike believed that the mountain was the home of the god Amun. At sunrise or sunset, Jebel Barkal still evokes a magical aura and it is easy to understand why the ancients attributed such religious significance to it.

Dinder Park: It is the largest protected area in Sudan at 10,000 km² and probably the only place to see wild animals in the country. This Biosphere Reserve is located in southeastern Sudan and is connected to the Alatash National Park of Ethiopia. Recent research (2018) indicates that there could be up to 183 lions living in Dinder National Park.

Technical information about Sudan

Download the Sudan fact sheet to access detailed information about the visa, mandatory vaccinations, currency and payment methods available in the destination, weather, reservation policy and travel contracting and more. You just have to fill in the following fields and we will send you the file by email.

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    Sudan Blog Posts

    Our Blog is a space for sharing experiences, knowledge and all kinds of content from our trips. Below you will find publications related to Sudan so that you can discover more about the destination, the ethnic groups that live in their lands, their architecture, customs, ecosystems, etc.

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